dr.botzo, the IRC bot with Django integration.
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"""
Twitter - access to Twitter through bot commands
Copyright (C) 2010 Brian S. Stephan
This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
"""
import re
import thread
import time
import urlparse
import MySQLdb as mdb
import twython
from Module import Module
class Twitter(Module):
"""Access Twitter via the bot as an authenticated client."""
def __init__(self, irc, config):
"""Prepare for oauth stuff (but don't execute it yet)."""
Module.__init__(self, irc, config)
# setup regexes
getstatuspattern = "^!twitter\s+getstatus(\s+nosource)?(\s+noid)?\s+(\S+)$"
getuserstatuspattern = "^!twitter\s+getuserstatus(\s+nosource)?(\s+noid)?\s+(\S+)(\s+.*|$)"
tweetpattern = "^!twitter\s+tweet\s+(.*)"
gettokenpattern = "^!twitter\s+gettoken$"
authpattern = "^!twitter\s+auth\s+(\S+)$"
replytopattern = "^!twitter\s+replyto\s+(\S+)\s+(.*)"
self.getstatusre = re.compile(getstatuspattern)
self.getuserstatusre = re.compile(getuserstatuspattern)
self.tweetre = re.compile(tweetpattern)
self.gettokenre = re.compile(gettokenpattern)
self.authre = re.compile(authpattern)
self.replytore = re.compile(replytopattern)
# prep twitter
self.consumer_key = 'N2aSGxBP8t3cCgWyF1B2Aw'
self.consumer_secret = '0aQPEV4K3MMpicfi2lDtCP5pvjsKaqIpfuWtsPzx8'
# settings
# force timeline check to wait 5 minutes (for channel joins and antispam)
self.next_timeline_check = time.time() + 300
self.authed = False
# try getting the stored auth tokens and logging in
(oauth_token, oauth_token_secret) = self._retrieve_stored_auth_tokens()
if oauth_token is not None and oauth_token_secret is not None:
self.twit = twython.Twython(self.consumer_key, self.consumer_secret, oauth_token, oauth_token_secret)
if self.twit.verify_credentials():
self.authed = True
# print timeline stuff. this will set up the appropriate timer
self._check_self_timeline()
self.log.debug("Logged in to Twitter with saved token.")
else:
self.twit = twython.Twython(self.consumer_key, self.consumer_secret)
else:
self.twit = twython.Twython(self.consumer_key, self.consumer_secret)
thread.start_new_thread(self.thread_do, ())
def db_init(self):
"""Set up the settings table."""
# init the table if it doesn't exist
version = self.db_module_registered(self.__class__.__name__)
if version == None or version < 1:
db = self.get_db()
# create tables
try:
version = 1
cur = db.cursor(mdb.cursors.DictCursor)
cur.execute("""
CREATE TABLE twitter_settings (
since_id BIGINT(20) UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
output_channel VARCHAR(64) NOT NULL,
oauth_token VARCHAR(256) DEFAULT NULL,
oauth_token_secret VARCHAR(256) DEFAULT NULL
) ENGINE=InnoDB CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_bin
""")
cur.execute("""INSERT INTO twitter_settings (since_id, output_channel) VALUES (0, '#dr.botzo')""")
db.commit()
self.db_register_module_version(self.__class__.__name__, version)
except mdb.Error as e:
db.rollback()
self.log.error("database error trying to create tables")
self.log.exception(e)
raise
finally: cur.close()
def do(self, connection, event, nick, userhost, what, admin_unlocked):
"""Attempt to do twitter things."""
if self.getstatusre.search(what):
return self.irc.reply(event, self.twitter_getstatus(event, nick,
userhost, what, admin_unlocked))
elif self.getuserstatusre.search(what):
return self.irc.reply(event, self.twitter_getuserstatus(event, nick,
userhost, what, admin_unlocked))
elif self.tweetre.search(what):
return self.irc.reply(event, self.twitter_tweet(event, nick,
userhost, what, admin_unlocked))
elif self.replytore.search(what):
return self.irc.reply(event, self.twitter_replyto(event, nick,
userhost, what, admin_unlocked))
elif self.gettokenre.search(what):
return self.irc.reply(event, self.twitter_gettoken(event, nick,
userhost, what, admin_unlocked))
elif self.authre.search(what):
return self.irc.reply(event, self.twitter_auth(event, nick,
userhost, what, admin_unlocked))
def twitter_getstatus(self, event, nick, userhost, what, admin_unlocked):
"""Get a status by tweet ID."""
match = self.getstatusre.search(what)
if match:
print_source = True
print_id = True
if match.group(1):
print_source = False
if match.group(2):
print_id = False
status = match.group(3)
try:
tweet = self.twit.show_status(id=status)
return self._return_tweet_or_retweet_text(tweet=tweet, print_source=print_source, print_id=print_id)
except twython.exceptions.TwythonError as e:
return "Couldn't obtain status: " + str(e)
def twitter_getuserstatus(self, event, nick, userhost, what, admin_unlocked):
"""Get a status for a user. Allows for getting one other than the most recent."""
match = self.getuserstatusre.search(what)
if match:
print_source = True
print_id = True
if match.group(1):
print_source = False
if match.group(2):
print_id = False
user = match.group(3)
index = match.group(4)
try:
if index:
index = int(index)
if index > 0:
index = 0
else:
index = 0
except ValueError as e:
self.log.error("Couldn't convert index: " + str(e))
index = 0
count = (-1*index) + 1
try:
tweets = self.twit.get_user_timeline(screen_name=user, count=count, include_rts=True)
if tweets:
tweet = tweets[-1*index]
return self._return_tweet_or_retweet_text(tweet=tweet, print_source=print_source, print_id=print_id)
except twython.exceptions.TwythonError as e:
return "Couldn't obtain status: " + str(e)
except ValueError as e:
return "Couldn't obtain status: " + str(e)
def twitter_tweet(self, event, nick, userhost, what, admin_unlocked):
"""Tweet. Needs authentication."""
match = self.tweetre.search(what)
if match:
tweet = match.group(1)
if not self.twit.verify_credentials():
return "You must be authenticated to tweet."
if admin_unlocked is False:
return "Only admins can tweet."
try:
if self.twit.update_status(status=tweet, display_coordinates=False) is not None:
return "'{0:s}' tweeted.".format(tweet)
else:
return "Unknown error sending tweet(s)."
except twython.exceptions.TwythonError as e:
return "Couldn't tweet: " + str(e)
def twitter_replyto(self, event, nick, userhost, what, admin_unlocked):
"""Reply to a tweet, in the twitter in_reply_to_status_id sense. Needs authentication."""
match = self.replytore.search(what)
if match:
status_id = match.group(1)
tweet = match.group(2)
if not self.twit.verify_credentials():
return "You must be authenticated to tweet."
if admin_unlocked is False:
return "Only admins can tweet."
replyee_tweet = self.twit.show_status(id=status_id)
target = replyee_tweet['user']['screen_name'].encode('utf-8', 'ignore')
try:
reptweet = "@{0:s}: {1:s}".format(target, tweet)
if self.twit.update_status(status=reptweet, display_coordinates=False, in_reply_to_status_id=status_id) is not None:
return "'{0:s}' tweeted.".format(tweet)
else:
return "Unknown error sending tweet."
except twython.exceptions.TwythonError as e:
return "Couldn't tweet: " + str(e)
def twitter_gettoken(self, event, nick, userhost, what, admin_unlocked):
"""Get an oauth token, so that the user may authenticate the bot."""
match = self.gettokenre.search(what)
if match:
if self.twit.verify_credentials():
self.authed = False
self.twit = twython.Twython(self.consumer_key, self.consumer_secret)
auth = self.twit.get_authentication_tokens()
self.temp_token = auth['oauth_token']
self.temp_token_secret = auth['oauth_token_secret']
return ("Go to the following link in your browser: {0:s} "
"and send me the pin.".format(auth['auth_url']))
def twitter_auth(self, event, nick, userhost, what, admin_unlocked):
"""Authenticate, given a PIN (following gettoken)."""
match = self.authre.search(what)
if match:
oauth_verifier = match.group(1)
self.twit = twython.Twython(self.consumer_key, self.consumer_secret,
self.temp_token, self.temp_token_secret)
final_step = self.twit.get_authorized_tokens(oauth_verifier)
self.twit = twython.Twython(self.consumer_key, self.consumer_secret,
final_step['oauth_token'], final_step['oauth_token_secret'])
self._persist_auth_tokens(final_step['oauth_token'], final_step['oauth_token_secret'])
if self.twit.verify_credentials():
self.authed = True
# print timeline stuff. this will set up the appropriate timer
self._check_self_timeline()
return "The bot is now logged in."
else:
self.twit = twython.Twython(self.consumer_key, self.consumer_secret)
def thread_do(self):
"""Check the timeline."""
while not self.is_shutdown:
self._check_self_timeline()
time.sleep(1)
def _check_self_timeline(self):
"""Check my timeline, and if there are entries, print them to the channel."""
if self.next_timeline_check < time.time():
self.next_timeline_check = time.time() + 300
if self.twit.verify_credentials():
# get the id of the last check we made
since_id = self._get_last_since_id()
output_channel = self._get_output_channel()
if since_id is not None and output_channel != '':
tweets = self.twit.get_home_timeline(since_id=since_id)
tweets.reverse()
for tweet in tweets:
tweet_text = self._return_tweet_or_retweet_text(tweet=tweet, print_source=True)
self.sendmsg(output_channel.encode('utf-8', 'ignore'), tweet_text)
# friends timeline printed, find the latest id
new_since_id = self._get_latest_tweet_id(tweets, since_id)
tweets = self.twit.get_mentions_timeline(since_id=since_id)
tweets.reverse()
for tweet in tweets:
tweet_text = self._return_tweet_or_retweet_text(tweet=tweet, print_source=True)
self.sendmsg(output_channel.encode('utf-8', 'ignore'), tweet_text)
# mentions printed, find the latest id
new_since_id = self._get_latest_tweet_id(tweets, new_since_id)
# set since_id
self._set_last_since_id(new_since_id)
def _return_tweet_or_retweet_text(self, tweet, print_source=False, print_id=True):
"""
Return a string of the author and text body of a status,
accounting for whether or not the fetched status is a
retweet.
"""
reply = ""
retweet = getattr(tweet, 'retweeted_status', None)
if retweet:
if print_source:
reply = "@%s (RT @%s): %s" % (tweet['user']['screen_name'].encode('utf-8', 'ignore'),
retweet['user']['screen_name'].encode('utf-8', 'ignore'),
super(Twitter, self)._unencode_xml(retweet['text'].encode('utf-8', 'ignore')))
else:
reply = "(RT @%s): %s" % (retweet['user']['screen_name'].encode('utf-8', 'ignore'),
super(Twitter, self)._unencode_xml(retweet['text'].encode('utf-8', 'ignore')))
else:
if print_source:
reply = "@%s: %s" % (tweet['user']['screen_name'].encode('utf-8', 'ignore'),
super(Twitter, self)._unencode_xml(tweet['text'].encode('utf-8', 'ignore')))
else:
reply = "%s" % (super(Twitter, self)._unencode_xml(tweet['text'].encode('utf-8', 'ignore')))
if print_id:
reply = reply + " [{0:d}]".format(tweet['id'])
return reply
def _get_last_since_id(self):
"""Get the since_id out of the database."""
db = self.get_db()
try:
cur = db.cursor(mdb.cursors.DictCursor)
query = "SELECT since_id FROM twitter_settings"
cur.execute(query)
result = cur.fetchone()
if result:
return result['since_id']
except mdb.Error as e:
self.log.error("database error getting last since ID")
self.log.exception(e)
raise
finally: cur.close()
def _get_output_channel(self):
"""Get the output_channel out of the database."""
db = self.get_db()
try:
cur = db.cursor(mdb.cursors.DictCursor)
query = "SELECT output_channel FROM twitter_settings"
cur.execute(query)
result = cur.fetchone()
if result:
return result['output_channel']
except mdb.Error as e:
self.log.error("database error getting output channel")
self.log.exception(e)
raise
finally: cur.close()
def _set_last_since_id(self, since_id):
"""Set the since_id."""
db = self.get_db()
try:
cur = db.cursor(mdb.cursors.DictCursor)
statement = "UPDATE twitter_settings SET since_id = %s"
cur.execute(statement, (since_id,))
db.commit()
except mdb.Error as e:
self.log.error("database error saving last since ID")
self.log.exception(e)
raise
finally: cur.close()
def _get_latest_tweet_id(self, tweets, since_id):
"""Find the latest tweet id in the provided list, or the given since_id."""
latest = since_id
for tweet in tweets:
if tweet['id'] > latest:
latest = tweet['id']
return latest
def _persist_auth_tokens(self, oauth_token, oauth_token_secret):
"""Save the auth tokens to the database, with the intent of reusing them."""
db = self.get_db()
try:
cur = db.cursor(mdb.cursors.DictCursor)
statement = "UPDATE twitter_settings SET oauth_token = %s, oauth_token_secret = %s"
cur.execute(statement, (oauth_token, oauth_token_secret))
db.commit()
except mdb.Error as e:
self.log.error("database error saving auth tokens")
self.log.exception(e)
raise
finally: cur.close()
def _retrieve_stored_auth_tokens(self):
"""Check the database for existing auth tokens, try reusing them."""
db = self.get_db()
try:
cur = db.cursor(mdb.cursors.DictCursor)
query = "SELECT oauth_token, oauth_token_secret FROM twitter_settings"
cur.execute(query)
result = cur.fetchone()
if result:
return (result['oauth_token'], result['oauth_token_secret'])
except mdb.Error as e:
self.log.error("database error retrieving auth tokens")
self.log.exception(e)
raise
finally: cur.close()
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